What Is Low Health Literacy?

What are the four skills of health literacy?

Health literacy is the use of a wide range of skills that improve the ability of people to act on information in order to live healthier lives.

These skills include reading, writing, listening, speaking, numeracy, and critical analysis, as well as communication and interaction skills.”.

Who is responsible for improving health literacy?

The United States Department of Health and Human Services created a National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy. One of the goals of the National Action Plan is to incorporate health and science information in childcare and education through the university level.

What are the levels of health literacy?

The four literacy levels are (1) below basic, (2) basic, (3) intermediate, and (4) proficient.

What are the 4 domains of health?

A, if not the, fundamental dimension of people‟s overall health and well-being, permeating and integrating all the other dimensions of health (i.e., physical, mental, emotional, social and vocational).

How does low health literacy affect patient outcomes?

Patients with low literacy had poorer health outcomes, including knowledge, intermediate disease markers, measures of morbidity, general health status, and use of health resources. Patients with low literacy were generally 1.5 to 3 times more likely to experience a given poor outcome.

Which of the following is a red flag for low health literacy?

Common “Red Flags” Incomplete or inaccurate registration forms and other paperwork. Frequently missed appointments. Nonadherence with medications or assigned treatment programs. An inability to name their medications or explain why they are taking the medication.

What causes low health literacy?

A number of factors may influence an individual’s health literacy, including living in poverty, education, race/ethnicity, age, and disability. Adults living below the poverty level have lower health literacy than adults living above the poverty level.

What are some signs a person may have low healthcare literacy?

The ramifications for people with low to moderate healthcare literacy skills include the inability to assume positive self management, higher medical costs due to more medication and treatment errors, more frequent hospitalizations, longer hospital stays, more visits to their healthcare provider, and a lack of …

How do you practice health literacy?

Make sure that you can identify patients with low health literacy. … Make sure to use plain language. … Learn how to focus the message. … Make sure that you can identify patients with low health literacy. … Make sure to use plain language. … Learn how to focus the message.

What is the difference between literacy and health literacy?

Literacy is defined as a set of reading, writing, basic mathematics, speech, and speech comprehension skills (Kirsch, 2001a). Health literacy is the bridge between the literacy (and other) skills and abilities of the individual and the health context.

What are the three levels of health literacy?

The data were analyzed based on three levels of health literacy: the basic, communicative, and critical level.

How do you address low health literacy?

Addressing Low Health LiteracyThe first step is to identify the problem. … Slow down. … Use plain, non-medical language. … Show or draw pictures. … Limit the amount of information provided and repeat it before moving on. … Use the teach-back or show-me technique. … Create a shame-free environment. … Build in safeguards.

What are the benefits of health literacy?

Health literate individuals participate more actively in economic prosperity, have higher earnings and rates of employment, are more educated and informed, contribute more to community activities, and enjoy better health and well-being.

How can nurses help with health literacy?

Nurses must also integrate patient health literacy efforts seamlessly into patient-provider interactions, create a judgement-free environment for reviewing medication terminology, and use non-clinical terms and patient teach-back to reinforce literacy reviews.

How do you assess patient understanding?

I assess my patients’ understanding by asking them to explain the concept in their own words. I clarify anything my patients did not understand and reassess their understanding. If my patients still do not understand, I find a new way to explain the concept.

Who has low health literacy?

Low health literacy is associated with patients who are older, have limited education, lower income, chronic conditions, and those who are non-native English speakers. Approximately 80 million adults in the United States are estimated to have limited or low health literacy.

How can we improve low health literacy?

An important strategy for improving health literacy is to use plain language in both verbal and written communications. According to plainlanguage.gov, plain language should ensure that users can find what they need, understand what they find, and use what they find to meet their needs.

What tools can nurses use to address health literacy?

Nurses, nurse managers, and general health care providers can use the following strategies for improving health literacy among patient populations:Creating a welcoming environment. … Making use of printed information. … Using basic language. … Speaking at a measured pace. … Asking questions. … Encouraging questions.