What Is The Process Of Open Pit Mining?

What are the disadvantages of open cut mining?

An open pit mining operation virtually eliminates any biologic life at the surface.

Vegetation is stripped, and the surface at the dig site is left completely barren.

Without replanting and restoring the ecosystem, a strip mining site can take decades to recover.

Abandoned mining pits can also pose extreme risks..

What are the negatives of mining?

Across the world, mining contributes to erosion, sinkholes, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, significant use of water resources, dammed rivers and ponded waters, wastewater disposal issues, acid mine drainage and contamination of soil, ground and surface water, all of which can lead to health issues in local …

Why are men employed in open cast mine?

Males are mostly employed in open cast mines because they have more strength than females. They can work for more hours than female can.

What are the steps of open pit mining?

The open-pit mining cycle includes drilling ore and waste rock, loading drill holes with explosives, blasting, ore loading and hauling to stockpiles for processing, waste rock loading and hauling to the waste rock storage pile.

What happens to a mine when it closes?

All mining operations are temporary, regardless of their size and complexity. This restoration includes replanting grass and trees, testing the surrounding water, air and soil for contaminants and covering mine entrances. …

Why is open pit mining bad?

This type of mining is particularly damaging to the environment because strategic minerals are often only available in small concentrations, which increases the amount of ore needed to be mined. Environmental hazards are present during every step of the open-pit mining process.

Where is open pit mining used?

Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rocks are found near the surface; that is, where the overburden (surface material covering the valuable deposit) is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunneling (as would be the case for sand, cinder, and …

What are the pros and cons of open pit mining?

Open Pit Mining Pros & ConsEfficient Operations. One of the major benefits to open pit mining is the increase in efficiency over deep-shaft mining techniques. … Greater Safety. Open-pit mining is much safer than shaft mining. … Loss of Ecosystem. … Pollution and Drainage.

How much does it cost to start a gold mine?

Mining costs were grossly underestimated up through the 1990s. Companies would report “cash costs” on their financial statements, which measure the costs specifically tied to extracting gold from the ground. These costs ran from $500 to $800 per ounce, depending on the location of the mine.

What is the largest open pit mine in the world?

Bingham Canyon mineBingham Canyon mine located south-west of Salt Lake City, Utah, US, is the deepest open pit mine in the world. The Bingham Canyon pit is more than 1.2km deep and approximately four kilometres wide. The mine, which is owned and operated by Rio Tinto Kennecott, has been in production since 1906.

What is mine rehabilitation and what does it involve?

Mine rehabilitation is the process of repairing the damage done by mining activities. This can sometimes involve making the site safe and stable, however global best practice strives to create a landscape that can support future uses of the land.

When would miners use an open pit mine?

Open-pit mining is the most common method used throughout the world for mineral mining and does not require extractive methods or tunnels. This surface mining technique is used when mineral or ore deposits are found relatively close to the surface of the earth.

What are the effects of open pit mining?

The effects of open-pit mining and mineral processing plants on the environment include land degradation, noise, dust, poisonous gases, pollution of water, etc. (Dudka and Adriano 1997).

How are open pit mines rehabilitated?

Mine rehabilitation Rehabilitation management is an ongoing process, often resulting in open pit mines being backfilled. After mining finishes, the mine area must undergo rehabilitation. … The open pit is then surrounded with a fence, to prevent access, and it generally eventually fills up with groundwater.

What are 4 types of mining?

There are four main mining methods: underground, open surface (pit), placer, and in-situ mining.