Why Is It Important To Screen For Nutritional Deficits Particularly In The Elderly?

Why are elderly individuals at risk of nutritional deficiency?

The older population represents a vulnerable group at risk of nutritional deficiencies because of changes in body composition, the gastrointestinal tract, sensory function, and fluid and electrolyte regulation, because of chronic illness, the effects of medication and hospitalization and as a result of psychosocial ….

What are nutritional needs for elderly?

Special Nutrient Needs of Older AdultsCalcium and Vitamin D. Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health. … Vitamin B12. Some adults older than 50 may not be able to absorb enough vitamin B12. … Dietary Fiber. Eat fiber-rich foods to stay regular. … Potassium. … Know Your Fats.

How can elderly improve nutrition?

Practical TipsMake Meals and Snacks Nutrient-dense. … Add Extra Calories Without Extra Volume. … Use Herbs and Spices When Preparing Foods. … Make Meals Colorful and Appealing. … Serve Several Small Meals and Snacks. … Do Not Fill Up on Non-nutritious Items. … Make Mealtime Enjoyable and Social. … Use Nutrition Supplements When Necessary.More items…

What foods should elderly avoid?

Here are eight foods that you should cut down on (or avoid eating altogether) as you get older, and why:Raw or undercooked eggs, meat and poultry. … Grapefruit. … High-sodium foods. … Caffeine. … Sodas and sugary drinks. … “Sugar-free” drinks. … Alcoholic beverages. … Foods with empty calories.

How does age play a role in nutritional challenges?

Aging is linked to changes that can make you prone to deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, iron, magnesium and several other important nutrients. It may also reduce your ability to recognize sensations like hunger and thirst. Luckily, you can take actions to prevent these deficiencies.

Why is nutrition important in elderly?

Good nutrition is important, no matter what your age. It gives you energy and can help you control your weight. It may also help prevent some diseases, such as osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.

How do you assess nutritional status in the elderly?

Assessing the nutritional status of elderly patients is an integral component of a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Anthropometric measurements, body composition estimation, and questionnaires such as the MNA, MST, NRI, and PINI are useful methods for assessing nutritional status in seniors.

What are the factors affecting nutrition in the elderly?

Socioeconomic, psychological, ethnic, physiological, and pathological factors all influence dietary intake, interacting in a complex and inter- twining manner. For example, financial stress can lead to depression, which in turn adversely affects dietary intake.

For example:Normal age-related changes. Changes in taste, smell and appetite generally decline with age, making it more difficult to enjoy eating and keep regular eating habits.Illness. … Impairment in ability to eat. … Dementia. … Medications. … Restricted diets. … Limited income. … Reduced social contact.More items…•